- Views Insider’s Guide to Shintō Shrines
- “Sandō”: The Worshipper’s Path
- [2016.07.04] Read in: 日本語 | FRANÇAIS | ESPAÑOL | Русский |
The sandō, literally the “worshipper’s path,” is the route leading from the outermost torii entrance to the shrine itself. Worshippers walk along the sandō to make a complete pilgrimage of the entire shrine grounds.
The sandō, or “worshipper’s path,” is a walkway that leads you into the shrine and to its constituent structures. Most sandō are paved with gravel or flagstone. The sandō takes you naturally along the shrine’s pilgrimage route, providing a complete tour of the grounds. It is best to keep a step to the right or left of center, since many shrines regard the central axis (seichū) as a path reserved for the kami of the shrine.
Chinju no mori
At older shrines, the sandō is usually lined with large trees, demarcating a path through the sacred forest, or chinju no mori, in which the shrine is situated. In Shintō, these groves are considered dwelling places of the kami and are sacred precincts in and of themselves. For this reason, it is forbidden to remove even one fallen leaf from the forest, let alone cut down any of its trees. Some of Japan’s most venerable shrines are surrounded by virgin forest that has been preserved unspoiled for centuries.
(Banner photo: Sandō at Usa Shrine, Ōita Prefecture)
Writer and Shintō priest. Born in Saitama Prefecture. Graduated from the Department of Shintō Studies at Kokugakuin University. Author of Shintō nyūmon (Introduction to Shintō), Fuji-san, 2200-nen no himitsu (Mount Fuji’s 2,200-year Secrets), and other works.
- Other articles in this report
- “Shōzoku”: The Shintō VestmentsThe clothing worn by priests and priestesses at Shintō shrines is unlike anything you will see elsewhere in Japan. Here we describe the styles of traditional vestments that are part of the Shintō experience.
- “Shamusho”: The Shrine OfficeWhen not engaging in religious rites, priests and shrine personnel may rest in the shamusho, or shrine office. Here visitors can also obtain talismans to protect their homes and selves with the blessing of the shrine’s kami.
- “Shintai, Shinboku”: The Divine Object or TreeAt the heart of the shrine, never viewed by visitors, is the shintai, the “divine body” of the kami. At some shrines this is an object, like a jewel or sword; at others, it is a natural feature like a mountain or shinboku, a divine tree.
- “Honden”: The Main Sanctuary StructureThe structure called the honden is the heart of the Shintō facility, where its kami is enshrined. Observing the details of honden architecture can tell the visitor much about the nature of the shrine and its deity.
- “Tamagaki”: Fence Around the Sacred SpaceA fence called the tamagaki encloses the shrine's innermost sanctum, setting it off from the outside world and marking a border between the sacred and the profane. Some shrines feature more than one tamagaki, which in its earliest form was a living hedge surrounded by a brushwood fence.