Japan’s 2012 BudgetPolitics Lifestyle
A ¥90.33 Trillion General Account Budget
On December 24, 2011, the government approved the draft budget for fiscal 2012 in an extraordinary cabinet meeting. The general account budget is ¥90.33 trillion. Financing from national bonds covers 49% of this budget, the highest proportion ever for an initial budget; this is the third consecutive year for financing from bonds to exceed that from taxation.
The general account figure is down 2.2% from fiscal 2011. It does not, however, include special “government compensation bonds” (kōfu kokusai), namely, the ¥3.78 trillion to be spent on reconstruction of the region hit by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami and the ¥2.59 trillion in expenditures for the pension fund to cover payments the government is expected to make in the upcoming fiscal year. When those bonds are included, overall expenditures for fiscal 2012 will reach ¥96.70 trillion, an all-time high for a draft budget.