Japan Data

Kishida’s LDP Retains Solid Majority in Lower House Election


In a general election held less than a month after Kishida Fumio was selected as prime minister, the ruling Liberal Democratic Party lost 15 seats, but held onto its comfortable majority of 261 seats.

In Japan’s 2021 House of Representatives election, held on October 31, the Liberal Democratic Party lost seats, dropping from 276 to 261, including those who ran as independents but later declared for the LDP. The party thereby gained more than 233 out of the chamber’s total of 465 seats—well past the “stable majority” level of 244 seats, allowing it (or the ruling coalition) to chair all permanent lower house committees, and just reached the “absolute stable majority” of 261 seats, which lets it chair and hold a majority of seats in the committees. Its coalition partner Kōmeitō finished with an improved 32 seats, meaning the government has a combined total of 293.

Media reports from major newspapers and NHK indicate that the number of seats won by each party in Japan’s general election are as follows. Nippon Ishin no Kai (Ishin, or the Japan Innovation Party) was a big winner among the opposition parties, using its strong performance in Osaka to become the third largest party overall.

The turnout was 55.98%, which was slightly more than the 53.68% in the previous general election in 2017.

The LDP won 189 seats in single-seat districts and 72 via proportional representation. While it finished with nearly 30 constituency seats fewer than the 218 in 2017, its PR seats rose compared with the 66 in the last election. Kōmeitō won 9 constituency and 23 PR seats, improving its showing by 1 seat in each category.

The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan, or CDP, won 96 seats (57 constituency and 39 PR), falling from its total of 110 before the election. The Japan Communist Party finished with 10 seats (1 constituency and 9 PR), also down from its pre-election 12.

Meanwhile, Ishin expanded its influence considerably, rising from 11 seats before the election to 41 (16 constituency and 25 PR). The Democratic Party for the People (DPFP) won 11 seats (6 constituency and 5 PR), while Reiwa Shinsengumi won 3 PR seats and the Social Democratic Party held on to its 1 PR seat.

(Originally published in Japanese. Banner photo: Prime Minister Kishida Fumio, at center, stands before a board showing winning candidates at LDP headquarters in Chiyoda, Tokyo, on October 31, 2021. © Jiji.)

LDP election Kishida Fumio