LDP to Receive ¥15.9 Billion in Political Party Grants in 2022Politics
In Japan, political party grants are funds disbursed from public money to subsidize each party’s activities. This type of funding was introduced in 1994 under the Political Party Subsidies Act. To be eligible, parties need to either have five or more Diet members or have at least one Diet member and have received 2% or more of the valid votes in the most recent lower or upper house elections.
The Social Democratic Party, with two Diet members, failed to achieve 2% of the votes in the 2021 House of Representatives election, leading to interest as to whether it would be able to continue meeting the grant requirements at this year’s House of Councillors election. It was able to win more than 2% of the votes though to remain eligible. The new political party Sanseitō, which participated for the first time in a national election, also met the grant requirements.
The total amount to be allocated is calculated as being ¥250 per capita, coming to more than ¥31.5 billion. Allocation is based on two criteria: the number of Diet members in the party and the percentage of votes that party received in previous national elections. As the amount is decided in January each year, half of the money for 2022 has already been distributed. Now that the results of the House of Councillors election are in, revisions will be made and the remaining half of the grants will be distributed in two installments, in October and December.
Estimates show that after the revisions each party will get the following total amounts in 2022: Liberal Democratic Party (¥15.9 billion), Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (¥6.7 billion), Nippon Ishin no Kai (¥3.1 billion), Kōmeitō (¥2.9 billion), Democratic Party for the People (¥1.5 billion), Reiwa Shinsengumi (¥498 million), Social Democratic Party (¥271 million), Party to Protect the People from NHK (¥262 million), and Sanseitō (¥77 million).
The Japanese Communist Party opposes the political party grant system and does not receive any grant.
(Translated from Japanese. Banner photo © Pixta.)