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Dissolving the House of Representatives: A Powerful Political Tool

The Japanese constitution gives the prime minister the authority to dissolve the House of Representatives, the more powerful of Japan’s two Diet chambers. It is among the premier’s greatest political powers, seen as a means of bringing pivotal agenda issues to a public vote.

Oct. 22 General Election Emerges as Possible Option for Abe (News)

Tokyo, Aug. 10 (Jiji Press)—Speculation is growing that Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzō may dissolve the House of Representatives for a snap election on October 22 in a pre-emptive move against a possible realignment of the opposition. This speculation has been fueled by the apparent move by a Lower House lawmaker close to popular Tokyo Governor Koike Yuriko toward forming a new full-fledged…

Anticonspiracy Law Comes into Force in Japan (News)

Tokyo, July 11 (Jiji Press)--The anticonspiracy law took effect in Japan on Tuesday, allowing authorities to criminalize planning and preparations to commit serious crimes, including terrorist attacks. The government now plans to promptly ratify the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime so that the country can share investigative information about organized crimes with other natio…

Japan’s Ordinary Diet Session to Open on January 20: Abe (News)

Ise, Mie Pref., Jan. 4 (Jiji Press)—The Diet, Japan's parliament, will convene in an ordinary session on January 20, Prime Minister Abe Shinzō said Wednesday. Abe unveiled the schedule during a press conference held after his New Year's visit to Ise Jingū, a major Shinto shrine in Ise in the central prefecture of Mie. He said, "The economy will remain my top policy priority this year." "T…

Japan’s Parliament Enacts Casino, Pension Reform Bills (News)

Tokyo, Dec. 15 (Jiji Press)—The Diet enacted a so-called integrated resort promotion bill to legalize casinos in Japan in the small hours of Thursday, after another controversial bill, on reforming the country's pension system, cleared the Japanese parliament the previous day. The casino bill, which was modified by the ruling Liberal Democratic Party on Tuesday, was approved at a plenary meetin…

Two Decades Behind: How to Give Women a Bigger Voice in Japanese PoliticsMiura Mari

Japan has one of the lowest rates of female representation in politics of any country in the world. What are the reasons for Japan’s lack of progress in this area, and what can be done to improve the gender balance in Japanese politics?

High Court Decisions Augur Long Road to EqualityMuta Kazue

On December 16 last year, the Supreme Court delivered a ruling on a closely watched case regarding the right of spouses to maintain separate surnames after marriage. The plaintiffs in the case challenged the constitutionality of article 750 of the Civil Code, which requires one of the spouses to adopt the surname of the other. They held that the provision violated the couple’s rights, and also tha…

The Polarization of the Japanese Media and the Need for Middle GroundSatō Takumi

Japanese newspapers are said to have become polarized in their coverage of controversial issues like the recent national security legislation. How does their current approach compare with their stance in 1960, when renewal of the Japan-US security treaty split the nation? And what is their role in the age of the Internet, where people are unlikely to seek content that conflicts with their own opinions?

Traditional Japanese Cooking in the Home: An Endangered ArtIwamura Nobuko

Washoku, the “traditional dietary culture of the Japanese,” was recently inscribed on the UNESCO list of the world’s intangible cultural heritage. Iwamura Nobuko, a researcher into food and family life in modern Japan, looks at what “home cooking” really means for people in Japan today.

The Quest for Voting Equality in JapanMasunaga Hidetoshi

Under Japan’s existing electoral system, the value of a single vote varies considerably depending on the district where it is cast. Lawyer Masunaga Hidetoshi argues that Japan will become a true democracy only when these disparities are corrected.

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