- Views New Perspectives on Miyazawa Kenji
- Illustrating Miyazawa Kenji (Photo Gallery)
- [2016.10.12] Read in: 日本語 | 简体字 | 繁體字 | ESPAÑOL | Русский |
Designer Kobayashi Toshiya brings classic stories by Miyazawa Kenji to life in a series of illustrated books.
When children’s author and poet Miyazawa Kenji died in 1933 at the age of 37, his only works in print were the story collection Chūmon no ōi ryōriten (The Restaurant of Many Orders) and poetry volume Haru to Shura (Spring and Asura), which he had self-published some nine years earlier. A rich treasury of unpublished works was subsequently discovered, including such classic tales as Ginga tetsudō no yoru (Night on the Galactic Railroad), Kaze no Matasaburō (Matasaburō the Wind Imp) and “Sero hiki no Gōshu” (“Gorsch the Cellist”). All of these manuscript works had been heavily revised. Kenji is perhaps best known for Night on the Galactic Railroad, which tells the story of a poor, solitary boy called Giovanni and his friend Campanella, who board a fantastic steam engine and travel to the stars. The Iwate-born writer was working on this novella until shortly before his death and it is considered to be unfinished.
His most famous poem, “Ame ni mo makezu” (“Undefeated by the Rain”), was found as a notebook entry written in pencil from his sickbed and dated November 1931, two years before his death. There are clear signs that he later edited words and phrases, and this too may have been a work in progress. Yet Kenji himself wrote in musings on folk art that “eternal incompletion is completion.”
Artists and researchers continue to be drawn to the paths of the writer’s inquiring spirit and the intense, visionary imagery of his literary landscapes. The designer Kobayashi Toshiya is among those fascinated. Rather than Kenji’s spiritual beliefs or way of life, however, Kobayashi is most interested in conveying the appeal of his stories. In 1979, this led him to start what has become a series of picture books based on these works. The covers and illustrations below present windows into Kenji’s world.
The Series Continues
From 1979 to 2000, Kobayashi worked on 15 books in the series published by Parorusha. After the company’s bankruptcy, however, there was a long hiatus before another publisher, Kōgakusha, began printing the books again from 2013. In July of this year, to mark 120 years since Kenji’s birth, Kōgakusha published Zashiki bokko no hanashi (Sprite Stories), a new entry in Kobayashi’s series.
(Originally published in Japanese on September 20, 2016. All photographs courtesy of Kōgakusha.)
- Other articles in this report
- Dreams of Ihatov: Miyazawa Kenji’s Land of ImaginationMiyazawa Kenji set his stories and poems in Ihatov, a fictional land based on his native Iwate Prefecture. At the same time, the writer was much influenced by Chinese literature and thought. His works reflect these differing inspirations in bringing together the local and the distant.
- Miyazawa Kenji and the Art of the Picture Book: The Work of Kobayashi ToshiyaSince 1979, graphic designer Kobayashi Toshiya has devoted himself to the illustration and publication of painstakingly crafted picture books based on the stories of Miyazawa Kenji. We visited Kobayashi at his rustic retreat to learn how the world of Kenji inspired a lifetime obsession.
- Miyazawa Kenji: A Literary Life in Northern JapanIn his short life, Miyazawa Kenji wrote some of Japan’s most beloved poems and stories. Although largely unappreciated during his lifetime, his reputation has soared in the years that followed.
- Miyazawa Kenji’s Answers for Japan and the WorldNeglected in his lifetime, the poet and author Miyazawa Kenji has come to new prominence in Japan, particularly in the last two decades. His pioneering environmentalism and emphasis on taking personal responsibility struck a chord with many in the wake of tragedies that shocked the nation in 1995 and 2011.