Japan Data

Population of Japanese Citizens Falls in Every Prefecture in 2022

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The number of Japanese citizens fell and the number of foreign residents increased in all Japan’s prefectures in 2022.

Japan‘s population stood at 125,416,877 as of January 1, 2023, according to a demographic survey published by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, based on resident registration data. This was a 0.41% year-on-year decrease.

The number of Japanese citizens was 122,423,038, a decrease of 800,523 or 0.65% compared to the previous year. This is far greater than the year-on-year decrease of 619,000 in 2021, reflecting an accelerated population decline. Since 2009, the number of Japanese citizens has fallen for 14 consecutive years. In addition, population fell year on year in every prefecture for the first time in the history of the survey, which was first conducted in 1972. The number of Japanese born in 2022 totaled 771,801, marking a record low for the seventh consecutive year. The natural population decline, calculated by subtracting births from deaths, increased to 793,324.

Meanwhile, the number of non-Japanese residents was 2,993,839, a year-on-year increase of 289,498 or 10.70%, as a result of factors that included the relaxation of the entry restrictions that had been in place during the COVID-19 pandemic. The number of non-Japanese rose in every prefecture of Japan, marking the highest total since statistics were first compiled in 2013.

Population of Japanese Citizens

The prefecture with the highest population in Japan was Tokyo with 13,841,665 residents, followed by Kanagawa at 9,212,003, and Osaka at 8,784,421. The least populated prefecture was Tottori, with just 546,558 residents or one twenty-fifth the number of Tokyo.

The total population of the three major metropolitan areas centered on Tokyo, Osaka, and Nagoya, including foreigners, was 66,083,144, declining for the third consecutive year, but still representing 52.7% of the total population. The concentration of foreign residents in metropolitan areas is even more pronounced, with 52.6% of the total population living in the prefectures of Tokyo, Aichi, Osaka, Kanagawa, and Saitama.

Tokyo was the only prefecture whose population rose in 2022 thanks to the increase of 63,231 non-Japanese residents that outweighed the decrease of 16,499 Japanese citizens.

Prefectures with the Highest and Lowest Populations (All Residents)

Tokyo 13,841,665 Tottori 546,558
Kanagawa 9,212,003 Shimane 658,809
Osaka 8,784,421 Kōchi 684,964
Aichi 7,512,703 Tokushima 718,879
Saitama 7,381,035 Fukui 759,777
Chiba 6,310,075 Saga 806,877
Hyōgo 5,459,867 Yamanashi 812,615
Hokkaidō 5,139,913 Wakayama 924,469
Fukuoka 5,104,921 Akita 941,021
Shizuoka 3,633,773 Kagawa 956,787

Created by Nippon.com based on data from the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.

Prefectures with the Highest and Lowest Populations (Non-Japanese)

Tokyo 581,112 Akita 4,512
Aichi 278,116 Tottori 4,971
Osaka 267,918 Kōchi 5,195
Kanagawa 239,301 Aomori 6,575
Saitama 208,334 Tokushima 6,894
Chiba 178,370 Saga 7,785
Hyōgo 120,965 Wakayama 7,872
Shizuoka 103,026 Yamagata 7,952
Fukuoka 88,051 Miyazaki 8,159
Ibaraki 79,570 Iwate 8,231

Created by Nippon.com based on data from the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.

Total Population by Prefecture

(Translated from Japanese. Banner photo © Pixta.)

population demographics