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Veterinarian Tokuda Ryūnosuke: Postdisaster Help for Pets and Owners Alike

Veterinarian Tokuda Ryūnosuke has worked tirelessly to improve postdisaster quality of life for both humans and animals. In addition to opening an evacuation shelter for pets and their owners after the Kumamoto Earthquakes, he has promoted TNR (trap, neuter, return) to reduce culling of stray cats in Japan and participated in a rabies eradication campaign in Bali, Indonesia. What is the driving force behind these activities?

Tokuda Ryūnosuke

Tokuda RyūnosukeBorn in 1961 in Kagoshima Prefecture. Received his master’s degree in veterinary science from Azabu University in 1989. After working as a veterinarian in Chiba and Kanagawa Prefectures, he opened Ryūnosuke Animal Hospital in Kumamoto in 1994. The hospital operates around the clock year-round, ready to handle any emergency. Opened the Kyūshū Animal Academy in 2004 to train people working in the animal care industry, including pet shops, trimming salons, and zoos.

Tokuda Ryūnosuke, operator of an animal hospital in the city of Kumamoto, opened an evacuation shelter for pets and their owners when the Kumamoto Earthquakes struck in April 2016. Convinced that helping pets helps their owners too, he took to social media immediately after the quakes to inform the public about his shelter and eventually provided care for a total of 1,500 people and 1,000 pets.

Lessons Learned from the 2011 Tōhoku Earthquake

INTERVIEWER  What motivated you to open a shelter for owners and their pets?

TOKUDA RYŪNOSUKE  When I went to Tōhoku six months after the March 2011 earthquake, I learned that there were no shelters to accommodate pets and owners together. Many owners view their pets as family members, but shelters did not realize the need for keeping pets and owners together and I decided to do something about that. My hospital operates twenty-four hours a day year-round, and when I was planning to rebuild my hospital I hit on the idea of providing an evacuation shelter for owners and their pets in case of a disaster. Learning from the lessons of the Tōhoku disaster, in 2013 I rebuilt my hospital as an earthquake-resistant structure with its own power generator and water tank and decided to use the professional animal care school attached to the hospital as a space to shelter pets and owners if the need arose.

INTERVIEWER  When the Kumamoto Earthquakes struck in April 2016, you immediately went online to offer your facility as a shelter for pets and owners.

TOKUDA  That’s right. I posted a message two hours after the main shock on April 16. Many pet owners, afraid of causing trouble at regular shelters, came with their pets. I operated the shelter for one month after the disaster, helped by Kyūshū Animal Academy students. During that time we accommodated a total of 1,500 people and 1,000 pets. I was so glad to have thought of providing space for a shelter, giving pets and their owners a place to go. The earthquakes clearly demonstrated the need for owner and pet shelters—something I want everyone in Japan to know.

A scene in the town of Mashiki, near Kumamoto. Even when essential services had been restored, many residents had no place to go due to the destruction.

INTERVIEWER  Thanks to your efforts, a petition is circulating calling for 25 percent of evacuation shelters to allow pets. How is the petition drive going?

TOKUDA  We’ve collected 34,000 signatures so far. In the process of sheltering owners and pets and examining pets at my hospital’s shelter, as well as making house calls in the affected areas, I’ve seen for myself that helping pets also helps their owners. If we are helping humans in a disaster, we need to help their pets too. Saving human lives is the priority, of course, but pets have the power to help heal injured or traumatized people. Ensuring that pets and owners can evacuate together promotes better mental health, since feeling the need to protect a living creature, in this case a pet, gives people a reason to live and improves their mood.

About 20 percent of people in Japan own a pet of some kind, so designating one-quarter of all evacuation as shelters for pets and owners—completely separate from regular shelters, given that some people dislike pets or are allergic to them—seems reasonable. That’s the minimum that we should aim for, given that attitudes toward pets are less evolved in Japan compared to Western countries.

Pets as “Objects” in Japan’s Legal System

INTERVIEWER  How do Japanese attitudes toward pets compare to those elsewhere?

TOKUDA Japanese pet owners nowadays view pets as members of the family, but in countries like the United States, Britain, or Australia, pets are viewed even more broadly as members of society. In Japan, legally speaking, pets are considered objects: if an animal is hit or run over by a car, the accident is considered property damage. Pets’ lives are not viewed as precious. When pets and their owners travel by air in Japan, pets go in the cargo hold; in the West, on the other hand, they often travel in the passenger cabin together with their owners. That said, however, things in Japan are slowly changing. In the summer of 2015, torrential rains caused disastrous flooding along the Kinugawa in the northern Kantō region. People climbed onto their roofs with their pets, waiting for help, and both pets and owners were winched up by helicopters to safety. Legally speaking, pets are considered personal property and under current rules would normally have been left behind, but on that occasion they were rescued, which was a big step forward for Japan.

Making a house call to examine a “patient” in temporary housing in Mashiki (top) and visiting a local day-care center as part of postquake mental health care activities.

  • [2018.01.31]
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