Japan Data

Shinkansen Route Map

Guide to Japan Travel Society

Exactly 50 years have passed since the Tōkaidō Shinkansen began running between Tokyo and Osaka. Japan’s high-speed train service has expanded over a half century into a broad network of routes that stretches across the nation. The famous “bullet train” continues to grow, with several new lines being planned or under construction, including the next-generation linear maglev Chūō Shinkansen.

Shinkansen Routes in Operation

Line Route Distance Top Speed Shortest Travel Time
Tōkaidō Shinkansen Tokyo–Shin-Osaka 552.6 km 285 km/h Tokyo–Nagoya: 1 h 33 m
Tokyo–Shin-Osaka: 2 h 22 m
Tokyo–Hakata: 4 h 47 m
Shin-Osaka–Hakata: 2 h 22 m
San’yō Shinkansen Shin-Osaka–Hakata 644.0 km 300 km/h
Tōhoku Shinkansen Tokyo–Shin-Aomori 713.7 km 320 km/h Tokyo–Sendai: 1 h 31 m
Tokyo–Shin-Aomori: 2 h 59 m
Hokkaidō Shinkansen Shin-Aomori–Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto 148.8 km 260 km/h Tokyo–Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto: 3 h 58 m
Yamagata Shinkansen* Fukushima–Shinjō 148.6 km 130 km/h Tokyo–Yamagata: 2 h 26 m
Tokyo–Shinjō: 3 h 11 m
Akita Shinkansen* Morioka–Akita 127.3 km 130 km/h Tokyo–Akita: 3 h 37 m
Jōetsu Shinkansen Tokyo–Niigata 333.9 km 240 km/h Tokyo–Niigata: 1 h 37 m
Hokuriku Shinkansen Tokyo–Kanazawa 450.5 km 260 km/h Tokyo–Nagano: 1 h 20 m
Tokyo–Kanazawa: 2 h 28 m
Kyūshū Shinkansen (Kagoshima route) Hakata–Kagoshima Chūō 288.9 km 260 km/h Hakata–Kagoshima Chūō: 1 h 17 m
Shin-Osaka–Kagoshima Chūō: 3 h 45 m

* The Yamagata and Akita Shinkansens connect to Tokyo via the Tōhoku Shinkansen line. They are known as mini-shinkansens as they run on existing railway lines that have been converted to 1,435 mm gauge to accommodate the faster trains.

New Shinkansen Lines Planned or Under Construction

Line Route Scheduled Opening Expected Travel Time
Hokuriku Shinkansen Kanazawa–Tsuruga 2022 Tokyo–Tsuruga: Around 3 h
Hokkaidō Shinkansen Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto–Sapporo 2030 Tokyo–Sapporo: Around 5 h
Kyūshū Shinkansen (Nagasaki route) Takeo-Onsen–Nagasaki (existing rail to be used between Shin-Tosu and Takeo-Onsen) 2022 Hakata–Nagasaki: 1 h 20 m
Linear Chūō Shinkansen Shinagawa–Nagoya 2027 Shinagawa–Nagoya: 40 m
Nagoya–Osaka 2045 Shinagawa–Osaka: 1 h 7 m

(Last updated on March 16, 2019. Banner photo © Kimura Takuma.)

Shinkansen train transportation railway