“Sandō”: The Worshipper’s Path
The sandō, or “worshipper’s path,” is a walkway that leads you into the shrine and to its constituent structures. Most sandō are paved with gravel or flagstone. The sandō takes you naturally along the shrine’s pilgrimage route, providing a complete tour of the grounds. It is best to keep a step to the right or left of center, since many shrines regard the central axis (seichū) as a path reserved for the kami of the shrine.
Chinju no mori
At older shrines, the sandō is usually lined with large trees, demarcating a path through the sacred forest, or chinju no mori, in which the shrine is situated. In Shintō, these groves are considered dwelling places of the kami and are sacred precincts in and of themselves. For this reason, it is forbidden to remove even one fallen leaf from the forest, let alone cut down any of its trees. Some of Japan’s most venerable shrines are surrounded by virgin forest that has been preserved unspoiled for centuries.